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  • Titanium Metal-Seated Ball Valves for HPAL and POX

     · laterite ore using air-agitated Pachuca vessels at the Pedro Sotto Alba plant at Moa Bay Cuba. The Moa Bay plant is now recognized as the predecessor to the modern HPAL process. Since then the Sherritt ammonia leach process along with sulphate oxidative leach (licensed by Sherritt to Outokumpu in 1961)

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  • A new method for production of titanium dioxide pigment

     · A novel hydrometallurgical process for making TiO 2 pigment without direct CO 2 emission is investigated. The novel process involves alkaline roasting of titania slag with subsequent washing leaching solvent extraction hydrolysis and calcination stages resulting in

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  • FluidsEvospace Wiki

     · Fluids are used for a variety of purposes in Evospace. You can create the most commonly used fluid Water by building a Pump. Other fluids are created as an output of processing materials. For example Ore Water is created by processing ores in an Ore Washer. 1 Fluids 2 Processing Fluids 2.1 Boiler 2.2 Chemical Reactor 2.3 Coke Oven 2.4 Compressor 2.5 Dryer 2.6 Electrolyzer 2.7 Fermenter

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  • Titanium Ore Processing and Beneficiation

     · Possibilities For All Flotation Treatment of Titanium Ore. To develop a flowsheet for separation of high grade titanium-rutile from ilmenite that will meet market requirements. Rutile has a SG of 4.2 hardness 6.0 to 6.5 and is non-magnetic while ilmenite has a SG of 4.5 to 5.0 hardness of 5.0 to 6.0 and is weakly magnetic.

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  • Development of Extraction Method and Characterization

     · Titanium is a metal which is resistant to corrosion and high temperatures with a high melting point and low weight. Titanium can be extracted by hydrometallurgy method which includes ilmenite leaching with hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid13-15. This process is one of the effective separation method for separating minerals from other elements.

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  • A Review of the Production Cycle of Titanium Dioxide

     · element titanium after the giants of Greek mythology. In 1825 J.J. Berzelius a Swedish chemist performed a crude separation of titanium metal. However it was not until 1910 that M.A. Hunter an American chemist produced pure titanium. Ilmenite the principal titanium ore mineral was named after the Ilmen Mountains in the south Urals.

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  • History Developments and Applications Titanium

    The Kroll Process was first introduced in 1938 and (combined with vacuum distillation) is still the most common method used to extract titanium metal from its ore. This process does not produce titanium at the rates in which it is possible to extract and refine steel or aluminum but it

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  • Titanium Dioxide Manufacturing

     · PROCESS Ilmenite nominally contains only 53 TiO 2 so it must be purified before further processing. Raw ilmenite or slag ore is first soaked in sulfuric acid for several hours to free up the titanium from the mineral. The titanium dissolves as titanium sulfate while many impurities do not dissolve and are removed by settling. The hydrated

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  • Titanium takes on a greener huemedia.nature

     · titanium alloy containing some oxygen and aluminium. A unique electro-refining process then dissolves mainly titanium from the titanium alloy into an electrolyte before it re-appears as a solid dendritic-shaped deposit on a cathode. A final wash with water or a vacuum separation process yields titanium metal with a low impurity count equivalent

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  • Titanium design and fabrication handbook for industrial

     · Titanium offers an excellent combination of mechanical properties and corrosion resistance. These features coupled with availability of product forms and ease of fabrication have led to extensive use of titanium and its alloys in chemical process equipment. Titanium is now a standard material of construction for many chemical processes and

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  • Pilot-Scale Demonstration of Ilmenite Processing

     · process staging. Similarly for titanium extraction an organic mixture was tested to prepare isotherms for pilot plant operation. Using the data produced during the bench-scale test program equipment was setup and solutions were prepared to operate a continuous counter-current process for the extraction of iron and titanium.

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  • Process for concentration of titanium containing anatase ore

    (g) neutralizing and washing said acid leached fraction to produce a concentrated titanium fraction. 2. The process of claim 1 wherein said calcination is carried out at a temperature below 900° C. 3. The process of claim 1 wherein said reduction is effected in an atmosphere containing at least 10 of reducer gas. 4.

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  • Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Production and Manufacturing

     · Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Production and Manufacturing Process. TiO2 is produced from either ilmenite rutile or titanium slag. Titanium pigment is extracted by using either sulphuric acid (sulphate process) or chlorine (chloride route). The sulphate process employs simpler technology than the chloride route and can use lower grade cheaper ores.

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  • Separation and recycling of chloride salts from

     · The traditional production process of metallic titanium is the Kroll process which involves the carbochlorination of upgrading TiO 2 ore or titanium slag to produce purified TiCl 4 reduction of TiCl 4 with magnesium (Mg) at 800 °C-850 °C to produce Ti sponge and the electrolysis of magnesium chloride (MgCl 2) by-product .

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  • Titanium Dioxide Production by Hydrochloric Acid

     · (ore or mineral) was the subject of numerous studies 6 8 3 11 13 . Most of these studies were concerned with the extraction of titania from ilmenite by H 2 SO 4 and HCl whereas few ones were directed to extraction of titania by interaction with alkaline reagents 9 1 7 . Sulfate process and chloride process produces TiO 2

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  • Titanium recycling gives Europe a valuable new metal supply

     · The process helps the environment by reducing emissions because recycling titanium uses less energy than refining titanium ore. "Titanium is a valuable metal and we are going to dramatically improve the supply of it " says Thomas Devedjian chief financial officer at Eramet a French mining and metals group that together with a Kazakh firm

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  • Separation and recycling of chloride salts from

     · The traditional production process of metallic titanium is the Kroll process which involves the carbochlorination of upgrading TiO 2 ore or titanium slag to produce purified TiCl 4 reduction of TiCl 4 with magnesium (Mg) at 800 °C-850 °C to produce Ti sponge and the electrolysis of magnesium chloride (MgCl 2) by-product .

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  • Exploiting the FFCASM International

     · Cambridge Process taking its name from the in-ventors and their university. A great deal of the subsequent research has con-centrated on titanium. However the process was also shown to work for other metals including chromium silicon tantalum and other metals tradi-tionally difficult to win from the ore (Fig. 2). In 2000 Exploiting the FFC

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  • Life cycle analysis of titaniumslideshare

     · Solid wastes also occur in the form of residue while washing and screening. 2) Chlorination/Chloride Process The chloride process is used to separate titanium from its ores. In his process the feedstock is chlorinated at 1000 c with carbon and chlorine gas giving titanium tetrachloride. 2FeTiO3 7Cl2 6C→2TiCl4 2FeCl2 6CO The process is a

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  • Titanium manufacture-Metalpedia

    Titanium manufacture Raw material Titanium comprises 0.63 of the Earth s crust and is the fourth most abundant structural metal after aluminium iron and magnesium. Titanium deposits that can be mined economically are found throughout the world. The main ores are rutile (TiO2) and ilmenite (FeTiO3) in beach sand deposits (Western Australia) ilmenite-haematite (Canada) and ilmenite

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  • TITANIUM METAL PRODUCTION VIA OXYCARBIDE

     · The Chinuka Process extends this concept by utilising impure titanium ores as a feedstock and thereby integrating electrorefining into the reductionprocess. Elements more noble than titanium can be selectively retained at the anode to form an extractable sludge whilst those less noble can be retained in the electrolyte.

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  • titanium ore processing plant titanium production line

    A titanium mine in Yunnan China accompanied with manganese removal feldspar pyroxene part of titanium has been oxidized to hematite. From Xinhai mineral processing test we can get that magnetic flotation process is the most suitable mining methods for this titanium mine spiral chute is used to finish separating.

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  • History Developments and Applications Titanium

    The Kroll Process was first introduced in 1938 and (combined with vacuum distillation) is still the most common method used to extract titanium metal from its ore. This process does not produce titanium at the rates in which it is possible to extract and refine steel or aluminum but it

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  • TI-PURE™ TITANIUM DIOXIDE FOR DECORATIVE PAINTS.

     · In this process sulfuric acid dissolves ore containing titanium to yield a solution of titanium iron and other metal sulfates. Additional steps that include chemical reduction purification precipitation washing and calcination produce a pigment-sized intermediate TiO 2.

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  • Separation and recycling of chloride salts from

     · The traditional production process of metallic titanium is the Kroll process which involves the carbochlorination of upgrading TiO 2 ore or titanium slag to produce purified TiCl 4 reduction of TiCl 4 with magnesium (Mg) at 800 °C-850 °C to produce Ti sponge and the

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  • TI-PURE™ TITANIUM DIOXIDE FOR DECORATIVE PAINTS.

     · In this process sulfuric acid dissolves ore containing titanium to yield a solution of titanium iron and other metal sulfates. Additional steps that include chemical reduction purification precipitation washing and calcination produce a pigment-sized intermediate TiO 2. Nucleation and calcination control the anatase

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  • Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Production and Manufacturing Process

     · Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Production and Manufacturing Process. TiO2 is produced from either ilmenite rutile or titanium slag. Titanium pigment is extracted by using either sulphuric acid (sulphate process) or chlorine (chloride route). The sulphate process employs simpler technology than the chloride route and can use lower grade cheaper ores.

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  • Separation and recycling of chloride salts from

     · The traditional production process of metallic titanium is the Kroll process which involves the carbochlorination of upgrading TiO 2 ore or titanium slag to produce purified TiCl 4 reduction of TiCl 4 with magnesium (Mg) at 800 °C-850 °C to produce Ti sponge and the electrolysis of magnesium chloride (MgCl 2) by-product .

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  • Titanium takes on a greener hue

     · Powdered titanium dioxide ore is placed in a smelter containing chlorine gas and the carbon-based reducer known as coke. A final wash with water or a vacuum separation process yields titanium

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  • A Clean Process to Prepare High-Quality Acid-Soluble

     · proposed to prepare high-quality acid-soluble titanium slag (HQASTS) from titanium middling ore. The relevant potential pH diagrams were built and the analysis results showed that the pH values for alkali leaching and dilute acid washing should be higher than 13.50 and lower than 1.00 respectively.

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  • Characteristics of Nb and Ta in V–Cu Residue from the

     · Titanium tetrachloride is generally produced by the reaction of chlorine with an intimate mixture of a titanium-bearing ore (or titanium compounds) and carbonaceous material lorination of titanium-bearing ores to yield crude titanium tetrachloride can produce many impurities such as FeCl 3 AlCl 3 SiCl 4 VOCl 3 etc. which are present in the crude TiCl 4 2 3 .

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  • A new method for production of titanium dioxide pigment

     · Titanium dioxide (TiO 2) has been widely used as pigment in paints paper and cosmetic products as well as high-tech applications such as solar cells semiconductors biomedical devices and air purification.TiO 2 pigment is primarily produced by a high temperature chloride process which forms CO 2 as a reaction byproduct. A novel hydrometallurgical process for making TiO 2 pigment without

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  • Titanium oxide wikiGuideChem

    Titanium dioxide is naturally presented in titanium ore and rutile titanium. Its molecular structure makes it contain high luminance and covering property. But it must be subject to first extraction and purification. 60 years ago the DuPont Company had developed the chlorination process as the production technology of titanium

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